Emirates (Arabe: طَيَران الإمارات DMG: Ṭayarān Al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, Émirats Arabes Unis. The airline is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group, which is wholly owned by the government of Dubai’s Investment Corporation of Dubai. It is the largest airline in the Middle East, operating nearly 3,400 flights per week from its hub at Dubai International Airport, to more than 150 villes en 74 countries across six continents. Cargo activities are undertaken by the Emirates Group’s Emirates SkyCargo division.
The airline ranks among the top 10 carriers worldwide in terms of passenger kilometres, and has become the largest airline in the Middle East in terms of revenue, fleet size, and passengers carried as of 2007. Dans 2012 the airline was the fourth-largest airline in the world in terms of international passengers carried and scheduled passenger-kilometres flown. The airline was the third-largest in terms of scheduled freight tonne-kilometres flown. The company also operates four of the world’s longest non-stop commercial flights from Dubai to Los Angeles, San Francisco, Dallas/Fort Worth, and Houston. During the mid-1980s, Gulf Air began to cut back its services to Dubai. As a result Emirates was conceived in March 1985 with backing from Dubai’s royal family, with Pakistan International Airlines providing two of the airline’s first aircraft on wet-lease. It was required to operate independent of government subsidies, apart from $10 million in start-up capital. The airline became headed by Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, the airline’s present chairman. In the years following its founding, the airline expanded both its fleet and its destinations. En octobre 2008, Emirates moved all operations at Dubai International Airport to Terminal 3 to sustain its rapid expansion and growth plans.
Emirates is rated as a four-star airline by aviation consultancy group Skytrax. The airline was voted Airline of the Year in 2013.
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